Encroachment Permit Facts/FAQ
What is the purpose of an Encroachment Permit?
The purpose of an encroachment permit is to enable the City to monitor work or activities performed within City rights-of-way by home owners, private developers, contractors, utility companies and local governmental agencies and to ensure the safety of the public. A request for a road closure and/or road detours also requires an Encroachment Permit.
Issuing the permit assures that the work or activities performed in the encroachment area will be done in accordance with the Public Works Standard Specifications, in accordance with the requirements of the City of Patterson Municipal Code and to the project's Conditions of Approval, if any (i.e. in association to a Building Permit, Use Permit, Tentative/Vested/Final Subdivision Map, Development Plans for off-site street improvements, etc.).
When is an Encroachment Permit required?
An Encroachment Permit is required for all construction work and proposed activities that encroach within, under, or over the City road right-of-ways. Some examples of work requiring an Encroachment Permit may include but are not limited to the following:
- Installations of sidewalk
- Installation of driveways
- Installation of curb & gutter
- Monuments and surveys
- Public utility installation, maintenance, and repair (i.e. AT&T, PG&E, Cable TV)
- Installation of part-width or full-width street improvements
- Storm drain installations and/or connections
- Sanitary sewer installations and/or connections
- Water services and water main installations and/or connections
- Monitoring well (installation, monitoring and/or abandonment)
- Installation or irrigation/drainage pipe (a pipeline maintenance agreement might also be required)
- Pool installations
- Demolition Projects
- Construction Projects (residential, commercial, industrial) @(Model.BulletStyle == CivicPlus.Entities.Modules.Layout.Enums.BulletStyle.Decimal ? "ol" : "ul")>
An Encroachment Permit is also required for road closures or road detours for construction work or activities that may impede the traveling public. Prior to any road closures or detours, a copy of a traffic control plan must be reviewed and approved by the Public Works Department before an Encroachment Permit is issued.
Do I need an Encroachment Permit for surface or overhead installation in City roadways?
It depends. Unless you are working under a franchise agreement, an Encroachment Permit is required for surface or overhead installation in City roadways. Any person having permission (i.e. a franchise or other authority of law) to install such surface or overhead installations shall do so by first consulting with and fully advising the City of Patterson.
Is it against the law to perform work in the City right-of-ways without obtaining an Encroachment Permit?
Yes. According to the City of Patterson Municipal Code (Chapter 12.20 Encroachment Regulations), it is unlawful for any person not having a franchise or other authority of law to perform any activity or construction work in the City's rights-of-way without authorization from the City of Patterson. It is also unlawful to make any excavation in or upon any city highway or other public place or to construct, install, or make a new or different use of any siphon, bridge, pipeline, conduit or similar structure in, along, upon or across any city highway, or other public place without first obtaining an Encroachment Permit.
In some instances an Encroachment Permit from the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is required for work done on a State Road or Highway (i.e. Highway 33).
How & where do I apply for a City Encroachment Permit?
You can apply for an Encroachment Permit by visiting the Public Works Department located at 1 Plaza, 2nd Floor, Patterson, CA 95363. You may also contact (209) 895-8060 for general Encroachment Permit information. The permit application can be found on the City's web site.
What are the Steps in Applying for an Encroachment Permit?
There are currently six basic steps in obtaining an Encroachment Permit though the City's Public Works Department. The process begins by submitting an application to the Public Works Department and ends after the one-year warranty period of the installed improvements (if any). Typically the warranty period begins after the Public Works Inspector has signed off the permit and accepted the improvements. The six steps are summarized below:
- Application Submittal: The applicant or permitee will submit a completed application along with any required construction plans and traffic control plans; Certificate of Liability Insurance and Endorsement naming the City of Patterson as additionally insured.
- Review & Approval: Depending on the type of project, the Public Works Department may either review and approve the application or refer the application to the Engineering Department for a more in-depth review to determine if all design standards have been met and to ensure safety to the public. Depending on the scope and detail of the work or activity to be performed, supporting documentation (such as plans, profiles, topography, environmental documentation, drainage calculations, pipeline maintenance agreements, will serve letters, surety bonds, and/or liability insurance) may be required.
- Permit Issuance: Upon permit approval and payment of permit fees, the Public Works Department will issue the approved Encroachment Permit to the applicant.
- Construction Inspection: The applicant will need to contact the Public Works Department to request an inspection. When calling to schedule an inspection, the applicant must provide the permit number, job address, contact person's name, telephone number, and type of inspection to be performed. The contact information for the Public Works Inspector can be found on your issued encroachment permit. All work performed within City rights-of-way shall be inspected by the Public Works Inspector. The Public Works Department will need to be notified 48-hours prior to beginning any construction work or making a change in the construction dates.
- Final Improvement Acceptance: The Public Works Inspector will sign-off and accept the improvements once all the work or activities have been performed per the conditions of the permit.
- One-Year Warranty: The applicant warrants all of the improvements as to material quality and workmanship for one year. Should any failure of the improvements or any part thereof occur within a period of one year after the final acceptance date, the applicant shall make the needed repairs as directed by the Public Works Inspector without any incurring expense or cost to the City.
How long will it take to process an Encroachment Permit application?
The Public Works Department will either approve or deny an Encroachment Permit Application upon determination that the application submittal is complete or incomplete. The Public Works Department has the authority in what constitutes a completed Encroachment Permit Application submittal. The actual time needed to review and approve the application will depend on the completeness of the initial submittal, scope of the work, the level of complexity of the proposed work, and whether a pipeline maintenance agreement will be required (normally three working days). Permits that are more complex may require additional time to perform and coordinate adequate plan review with the Public Works Department and/or Engineering Department.
Special Events Encroachment Permit & Requirements:
All Special Events that will be held on a public facility or that will encroach on public right-of-way (i.e., Parks, City buildings, Sidewalks, or Streets) must obtain an Encroachment Permit from the City. All event holders will be required to sign off on the Encroachment Permit Requirements and Conditions and comply with all Environmental Program Regulations (F.O.G., Stormwater, Water Conservation, Recycling, and Cross-Connection), which are included in the Special Events Application Package (The event holder must also provide adequate liability insurance, and pay the current Encroachment Permit Fee. All Special Events are coordinated through the City's Recreation Department. For Further information call (209) 895-8080.
How much does an Encroachment Permit cost?
The basic Encroachment Permit fees are listed below:
|Type of Service
|Swimming Pool Installation
|Curb, Gutter, or Sidewalk Replacement
|Excavations, Street cuts, Trenching (Utility Companies)
|Additional Inspections (1 Hour Minimum)
Additional cost may be applicable to the permit to cover plan reviews, field reviews, construction inspections, re-inspections (if required), National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) storm water quality review, and other fees as determined by the Public Works Director.
The total cost will be determined in accordance to the latest Fee Schedule adopted by the City Council. The fee schedule can be found online Fees may vary depending on the type of encroachment that is requested. For larger projects (i.e. full street improvements, subdivision type work, etc.) a financial security deposit may be required.
The permit application shall be accompanied by a personal check, certified check, cashier's check, letter of credit, performance bond executed in favor of the City by a surety company or, other acceptable payment method. The check should be made out and payable to "City of Patterson." The amount shall be in a sum not less than the amount estimated in the application as the cost of faithfully performing all work to be done under the permit applied for, and conforming to all conditions or restrictions which may be specified in the permit.
In lieu of the payment required with each application, any applicant may make a blanket deposit in a form and amount acceptable to the Public Works Department. Any remaining funds in the deposit balance will be returned to the applicant or exonerated by the Public Works Department at the end of the one-year warranty period.
Please note that currently the City of Patterson does not accept credit card payments for Encroachment Permits.
The City of Patterson Municipal Code requires that all applications for permits shall be made in writing in such form as may be prescribed by the Public Works Director. The current Permit Application Form is available online at the following web site:
At a minimum, the Encroachment Permit application shall show the following items:
• A description for the necessity of performing encroachment work or activity within a City’s right-of-way.
• A brief description of the proposed work or activity to be performed.
• Location of the proposed encroachment work or activity.
• Estimated time necessary to complete the proposed encroachment work or activity.
• Proposed date of commencement of work or activity.
• Estimated date of completion of work or activity.
• Estimated cost for the proposed work or activities to be performed.
• Photographs of the crossing and street around the work site, if available.
• Improvement plans or a drawing of the work site, if required. Minor permits typically do not require plans (i.e. for constructing driveway approaches, sidewalks, bell holes, installation of sewer lateral repairs, water main connections, etc.). However, for larger or more complex projects, the Encroachment Permit may require construction improvement plans that have been prepared by a licensed Civil Engineer (i.e. for utility trenching, installation/maintenance of water/sewer/storm drain main lines and services, street improvements, subdivision improvements, etc.)
• The Encroachment Permit fee, as determined by the Public Works Director, shall be paid.
• A Certificate of Liability Insurance and Endorsement naming the City of Patterson as additionally insured must be provided (or be on file) at the time the permit is issued.
• A contractor must have possession of a current and valid state license certifying either a Class A certification or a certification as a Specialty Contractor for the type of work performed (as defined by the Business & Professions Code Division 3, Chapter 9. Contractors, Article 4.“Classifications”).
• A contractor must have an active City of Patterson Business License.
Yes. A Certificate of Liability Insurance must be provided (or be on file with the Public Works Department) at the time the permit is issued. The applicant or contractor shall provide a Certificate of Liability Insurance with general liability insurance of single coverage of $2,000,000 (which is typically the minimum amount of coverage needed for large and complex projects such as full road improvements or underground trench construction). All work in the public right-of-way shall be done by a licensed Contractor.
Said policy shall name the City of Patterson as an additional insured (A separate endorsement sheet is required with the insurance policy and the location and job description must be included on the policy). See attached example.
At a minimum, the Certificate of Liability Insurance must show the policy number; policy effective date; policy expiration date; dates of the insurance coverage; the dollar amount of the liability coverage; the insurance company name; and the name of the insured company. The certificate can be sent via email, surface mail or fax by the insurance company or broker, or can be presented over-the-counter by the applicant pulling the permit.
To view an example please click here.
Yes. The applicant or contractor performing the work must possess a current state license certifying a Class A certification (or a certification as a Specialty Contractor as defined by the Business & Professions Code Division 3, Chapter 9. Contractors, Article 4. “Classifications”). The applicant or contractor performing the work shall also comply with Section 3800 of California Labor Code.
The following licenses are acceptable for the scope of work as described. All other class licenses will only be issued a permit upon approval by the Public Works Director.
- C8 Concrete Contractor may perform driveway approach and sidewalk project.
- C12 Earthwork and Paving Contractors may perform grading work.
- C16 Fire Protection Engineering Contractors may perform installation of fire service lines.
- C27 Landscaping Contractors may perform landscaping related work.
- C31 Construction Zone Traffic Control Contractor for traffic control
- C32 Parking and Highway Improvement Contractors may perform parking lot pavement work including installation of protective vehicle signage and/or device.
- C34 Pipeline Contractor may perform water and gas line work including trenching, compacting and surface paving.
- C42 Sanitation System Contractors may perform sanitary sewer line work including trenching, compacting and surface paving. Under no circumstance shall the C36 Plumbing Contractors be allowed to perform sewer line work in the public right-of-ways.
- C57 Water Well Drilling Contractor may perform installation and repairs of water wells and pumps by boring, drilling, excavating, casing, cementing and cleaning to provide a supply of uncontaminated water.
Please note that the State of California only allows the “owner” of a property or a licensed contractor to obtain an Encroachment Permit.
Yes. The Public Works Inspector and/or City Engineer shall have the right to inspect the work or activity to be performed within the City right-of-ways and to prescribe any and all conditions pertaining to such work or activity. An inspection prior to starting work is required to ensure that Contractor has adequate safety precautions established at the work site, adequate traffic control, Storm Water Best Management Practices (BMP’s) installed, and to document any pre-existing site conditions.
Written notice or a telephone call/message shall be provided to the Public Works Department not less than two work days (48-hours) prior to the commencement of any work under the permit, or changing of construction dates. The Public Works Department can be reached at (209) 895-8060 or email@example.com.
The permittee shall be responsible for all liability for personal injury or property damage which may arise out of work permitted and done under a permit or which may arise out of failure on the permittee’s part to perform his or her obligations under any permit in respect to public safety and traffic control. In the event any claim of liability is made against the City, or any department, officer, or employee therefore, permittee shall defend, indemnify and hold them and the City harmless from such claim.
Unless the improvements are accepted by the City, the permittee shall remain responsible for maintaining the work or activities performed in the encroached area(s). The permittee may also be required to execute a maintenance agreement with the City to provide for future maintenance associated with the Encroachment Permit improvements. The agreement shall be in a form provided by the City and accepted on behalf of the City by the Public Works Director.
It depends. The Public Works Director may require a traffic control plan to be submitted along with the permit application depending on the type of work or activity to be performed in the road right-of-ways.
The traffic plan may require warning signs, lights, appropriate control devices, flagmen, or other items to help control and direct the flow of traffic.
Pursuant to Vehicle Code Chapter 10.04, the Public Works Director or designee may restrict the use of and regulate the movement of traffic through or around areas affected by construction, maintenance, or repair of any city roadway while engaged in the performance of such work whenever the traffic would endanger the safety of workers or the work would interfere with or endanger the movement of traffic through the area.
The applicant or permittee that is pulling the permit is responsible for the public safety and traffic control during the encroachment work period and until acceptance of the improvements by the City. Unless otherwise expressly permitted by the Public Works Director, the permittee shall maintain access to traffic over, upon, and across the city roadways and approaches so as not to hinder, render inconvenient, or interfere with the public use of the right-of-ways.
An Encroachment Permit is also required for road closures or road detours for construction work or proposed activities that may impede the traveling public. Prior to any road closures or detours, a copy of a traffic control plan must be reviewed and approved by the Public Works Department before an Encroachment Permit is issued.
All construction traffic control shall conform to the latest edition of the California Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (CAMUTCD). These standards can be found at Caltran’s website located at
*Note: Complete Road Closure requires City Council approval.
Yes. All Encroachment Permits issued in the City of Patterson shall comply with the requirements of the City of Patterson Department of Public Works Standard Specifications. These standards can be found at the following website:
A pipeline maintenance agreement is required when a pipe is to be placed within the City right-of-way. This agreement must be completed by the property owner and recorded prior to the encroachment permit being issued.
Yes. Although the applicant may be exempt from filing a NOI and/or obtaining a Waste Discharge Identification Number (WDID), the applicant will still be responsible for managing and controlling erosion and sediment from the work site. The encroachment work shall be done in compliance with all Federal, State, and Local Regulations.
The City’s Storm Water Quality Management and Discharge Control and a list of BMPs Brochures can be found at:
If a permit is required under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program, all construction shall be done in accordance to the project’s Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP). The City will be monitoring all projects to ensure compliance with Storm Water Regulations.
- I have questions regarding my Encroachment Permit application?
- I need to submit additional information/documentation?
- I need a time extension (rider)?
For more information on questions relating to the Encroachment Permit process, please visit our Public Works Department located at 1 Plaza, 2nd Floor, Patterson, CA 95363.
You may also contact (209) 895-8060 for general Encroachment Permit information. To schedule an inspection, please refer to encroachment permit for contact information of your inspector.
Call USA North 1‐800‐227‐2600
Two (2) working days prior to excavating, digging, or in an emergency